What is lymphedema?

Lymphedema is a chronic lymphatic condition that causes unsightly swelling in one or more body areas. It might be inherited (Primary Lymphedema) or it can develop as a result of surgery, illness, radiotherapy, or other physical stress (Secondary Lymphedema).

Lymph plays an important role in the human body. It transports foreign objects and germs away from your skin and body tissues, as well as infection-fighting cells from your immune response.

What Are The Causes of Lymphedema?

Lymphedema develops when the body’s lymphatic system is clogged, usually due to obstruction in a lymph channel. Swelling is caused by the accumulation of lymphatic fluid beneath the skin. Lymphedema usually affects the legs or arms.

What Are The Types of Lymphedema?

There are mainly two types of Lymphedema:-

1) Primary Lymphedema.
2) Secondary Lymphedema.
1)Secondary Lymphedema:-
The lymphatic system has been harmed, resulting in a temporary or permanent blockage of lymph flow. This condition is known as secondary lymphedema.
Common Causes of Secondary lymphedema:-
  • Surgical damage
  • Infection in lymphatic vessels
  • Radiation therapy for cancer
  • Cancer

2)Primary Lymphedema:-

Primary lymphedema develops when lymphedema occurs without any documented injury or illness.

Common Types Primary lymphedema:-
  • Onset at age 36 and older
  • Onset after birth but before age 36
  • Present at birth.

What is the most common symptom of Lymphedema?

  • Enlarged lymph nodes in your neck without pain
  • Persistent fatigue.
  • Fever.
  • Night sweats.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Itchy skin.

What Is the most common treatment for Lymphedema?

Therapy for Lymphedema:-

Lymphedema treatments is determined by the degree and scope of the problem. Because there is no cure for lymphedema, prevention, and management of the condition are critical.

Some lymphedema therapists  recommend:-

  • Wearing a customized bandage
  • Regular arm pumping
  • Eating a well-balanced diet
  • Keeping the arm raised
  • Infection Prevention

Lymphedema Surgery

Surgical surgery may be considered once edema has advanced to phases 3 or 4. Lymphedema surgery can entail a variety of procedures.: –
  • Lymph node transplant
  • Creation of new drainage paths
  • Removal of fibrous tissue
  • Liposuction
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