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Breast Augmentation Surgery

augmentation

Breast Augmentation Surgery

Augmentation is a procedure to increase the size of the breast. This can be achieved through:

1.Autologous tissue such as fat grafting.
2. Breast Implants.

Breast Implants:

All implants on the market today are made of two separate components: an outer silicone shell and inner filling, which can be either Saline or Silicone.

What are the shapes of Implants?

Breast implants may be round or have an anatomical shape. The newest generation of implants—the cohesive silicone gel implant—promises increased gel integrity and a more natural appearance.

That are the approaches for breast agumentation?

There are four approaches:

  • Inframammary.
  • Sub-areolar (Trans-nipple).
  • Transaxillary.
  •  Periumbilical.

Commonly, dual-plane breast augmentation is performed, in which the implant is placed under both muscle and breast tissue.

Advantages of dual-plane implant placement:

  • Minimal capsular contracture.
  • Implant visibility is reduced, hence no rippling.
  • No alteration in normal breast function, such as breastfeeding.

What are the complications?

  • The most common complication is capsular contracture. Other complications include implant malposition, asymmetry, infection, and implant removal.

Breast Augmentation with FAT GRAFTING:

Fat grafting to enlarge the breast can be performed for cosmetic reasons, correction of asymmetry, and reconstruction of deformity.

Advantages of fat grafting

  • Absence of an autoimmune response.
  • Ease in accessing donor fat.
  • Minimal complications.

Indications

  • Augmentation of the breast in patients with small breasts, tuberous breasts, or Poland syndrome, or in patients who refuse silicone implants.
  • Correction of breast contour deformity or asymmetry after removal of breast implants, breast lumpectomy, or reconstructive surgery.
  • Creation of a thick envelope of breast tissue after placement of silicone implants.
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Procedure:

  • The procedure is performed under general or regional anesthesia. Fat is aspirated manually with a liposuction cannula attached to a syringe or vacuum pump. The aspirated fat is washed with 0.9% normal saline solution, followed by centrifugation at 1000 rpm for 2 minutes. The purified fat is then injected into the breast.

Postoperative Care:

It is recommended that the patient wears a supportive bra day and night for 7 days after breast augmentation with fat grafting. Oral antibiotics are administered for 3 days postoperatively, and compression garments are worn for the donor area for 3 months.

Breast augmentation, commonly referred to as augmentation mammoplasty, is a surgical procedure aimed at increasing the size and enhancing the shape of the breasts. This can be achieved through two primary methods: autologous tissue transfer, such as fat grafting, or the use of breast implants.

 Breast Implants

 Breast implants are the most common method of breast augmentation and are available in various shapes, sizes, and materials. Modern implants consist of an outer silicone shell filled with either saline or silicone gel. The choice between saline and silicone gel implants depends on various factors, including patient preference, desired feel, and aesthetic outcomes.

 Shapes of Implants

 Breast implants may be round or have an anatomical, or teardrop, shape. The latest generation of implants, known as cohesive silicone gel implants, offer improved gel integrity and a more natural appearance, mimicking the shape and feel of natural breast tissue. Round implants typically provide more fullness at the upper part of the breast, whereas teardrop implants offer a more natural slope, closely resembling the natural contour of the breast.

 Approaches for Breast Augmentation

 There are four primary approaches for breast augmentation, each with its own advantages and considerations:

  1. Inframammary: Incisions are made in the inframammary fold, the natural crease beneath the breast. This approach allows for precise placement of the implant and is often preferred for its versatility and the concealment of scars within the breast fold.

 

  1. Sub-areolar (Trans-nipple): Incisions are made around the edge of the areola, the pigmented area surrounding the nipple. This method provides a direct route to the breast tissue and implant pocket but may result in more noticeable scars and potential changes in nipple sensation.

 

  1. Transaxillary: Incisions are made in the armpit, allowing for implant placement without visible scarring on the breast. This technique can be technically challenging and may require endoscopic assistance, but it is preferred by patients concerned about breast scarring.

 

  1. Periumbilical: Incisions are made around the belly button, and implants are placed using an endoscopic approach. This is the least common method due to its complexity and the limited types of implants that can be used.

 Dual-Plane Technique

 Commonly, a dual-plane breast augmentation technique is employed, where the implant is positioned partially beneath the pectoral muscle and partially beneath the breast tissue. This approach offers several advantages:

 – Reduced Risk of Capsular Contracture: Placing the implant partially under the muscle decreases the risk of scar tissue formation around the implant.

– Improved Aesthetic Outcomes: The dual-plane technique allows for a more natural transition between the chest and the breast, reducing the appearance of implant edges.

– Maintained Breast Function: This placement does not interfere with normal breast functions, including breastfeeding.

 Complications

 Breast augmentation, like any surgical procedure, carries potential risks and complications. The most common complication is capsular contracture, where scar tissue forms around the implant, causing it to become firm or misshapen. Other potential complications include:

 – Implant Malposition: Implants may shift from their original position, causing asymmetry.

– Infection: Infections can occur post-surgery, requiring antibiotics or further surgical intervention.

– Rupture or Leakage: Both saline and silicone implants can rupture, which might necessitate removal or replacement.

– Nipple Sensation Changes: Alterations in nipple sensitivity can occur, ranging from increased sensitivity to numbness.

 Breast Augmentation with Fat Grafting

 Fat grafting, also known as autologous fat transfer, is an alternative method for breast augmentation that involves using the patient’s own fat tissue to enhance breast size and shape. This technique is particularly suitable for patients with small breasts, tuberous breasts, or those who prefer to avoid silicone implants.

 Advantages of Fat Grafting

 Fat grafting offers several advantages:

 – Natural Feel and Appearance: Since the augmentation uses the patient’s own fat, the result can feel more natural than implants.

– No Autoimmune Response: There is no risk of allergic reactions or autoimmune responses as the material used is autologous.

– Body Contouring: The liposuction process used to harvest fat also contours other body areas, providing an added aesthetic benefit.

– Minimal Risk of Complications: The risk of complications such as capsular contracture or implant rupture is eliminated.

 Procedure

 The fat grafting procedure begins with the extraction of fat tissue from donor areas such as the abdomen, thighs, or buttocks using liposuction. The harvested fat is then processed and purified before being injected into the breasts to achieve the desired augmentation. The process involves careful layering and sculpting to ensure even distribution and natural-looking results.

 Postoperative Care

 Following breast augmentation, whether with implants or fat grafting, proper postoperative care is crucial to ensure optimal healing and results:

– Supportive Bra: Patients are advised to wear a supportive bra continuously for the first week and then during the day for an additional six weeks. This helps to maintain the new breast shape and support healing tissues.

– Antibiotics: Oral antibiotics may be prescribed for a few days postoperatively to prevent infection.

– Compression Garments: For fat grafting, compression garments are worn on the donor areas to promote healing and reduce swelling.

– Activity Restrictions: Patients should avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting for several weeks to allow proper healing and prevent complications.

 Conclusion

 Breast augmentation surgery offers multiple options for enhancing breast size and shape, whether through the use of implants or autologous fat transfer. By selecting the appropriate technique and adhering to postoperative care guidelines, patients can achieve safe and satisfying outcomes with improved confidence and self-image. The choice between implants and fat grafting, as well as the specific surgical approach, should be made in consultation with a qualified plastic surgeon, taking into account individual anatomy, preferences, and desired outcomes.

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