Plastic Surgery is a procedure done on human body involving restoration, reconstruction and alteration of body parts. It can be divided into two parts: Reconstructive surgery and Aesthetic surgery. Reconstructive Surgery is a process where any body part which is not functioning properly can be reconstructed or improved upon. Aesthetic Surgery (or cosmetic surgery in common terms) is the process where any body part is treated to enhance its physical appearance. Reconstructive surgery is comprised of various methods used to treat any non-functioning of the body parts due to deformity or accidents:
Burn Surgery: It is the process where burns caused to accidents or mishaps are treated. It takes place in two steps. In the first step, acute burn surgery is done to treat the burns. The second step that is the reconstructive surgery is performed after the burn wound is healed.
Craniofacial Surgery: It is the process where reconstruction is performed on the cranial and facial area of the body. It is used to treat cleft lip, palate, fractures and secondary surgeries.
Hand Surgery: It is the process which deals with the injuries and diseases of hand and wrist. Any deformities or malfunctioning of upper limb or brachial plexus (nerves from spinal cord to arms, shoulders and hands) can be reconstructed in this procedure.
Microsurgery: It is the process where reconstruction of tissues is done by planting a piece of tissue at the reconstruction site and connecting blood vessels. It is mostly done in breast, head and neck reconstruction, hand surgery and brachial plexus surgery.
Paediatric Plastic Surgery: This is where children having various medical issues get treatment. Children can have ailments like birth defects or syndromes which are treated by paediatric plastic surgeons.