Hair has been of social and psychological importance throughout the centuries. It plays an important role in human social and sexual communication. It is considered as a measure of attractiveness among people. It is natural for people to take care of their hair and be worried if they face severe hair loss.
Hair loss (alopecia and scalp problem) is very common. Out of 10 males, 6 are suffering from hair loss. Hair loss of any kind frequently causes major distress for the patient and can lead to anxiety and depression. Even in females, hair loss is very common. It occurs in bunches across the scalp, not just specific area.
Hair transplant is a treatment option for Male Pattern Baldness and Female Pattern Baldness. Hair follicles are taken from occipital scalp and transplanted in bald area. Hair is taken from hair bearing area (usually from scalp) that is not affected by miniaturization process of androgenic alopecia.
There is an increase in awareness about hair transplantation in Nagpur since people with alopecia are looking for a hair transplant clinic in Nagpur.
When any person suffers from hair loss, he/she feels devastated as the society considers them unattractive, less likable, and less successful. It even comes to a point where the person can have anxiety and depression. By consulting a hair specialist doctor in Nagpur, they can opt for hair transplantation treatment.
Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) was revolutionary advance occurred when surgeons observed that hair grows on scalp in tiny, naturally occurring groupings of 1-3 hairs follicles are called –Follicular unit. To get natural looking results of hair transplant, we have to do transplantation in follicular unit manner, Hence this technique basically is known as FUT.
The goal of donor harvesting is to remove tissue of scalp from the permanent donor area in a way that limits trans-section of hair follicles. In addition, minimal scar should be minimal and possibly detectable. A strip of scalp having with about 1-2 cm and length of about 20-25 cm is removed from permanent donor area.
Recipient site incisions vary in size from 0.65 to 1.2 mm wide, with smaller incisions used for 1to 2 hair FUs and larger incisions are used for the 3-4 hairs FUs or curly hairs. While making slits the surgeon should create a pattern that imitates nature. The incisions also have to enter scalp at same direction and angle as the pre-existing hair follicles.
The skill and ability to place grafts successfully is a critical step in hair transplant surgery. The potential for graft trauma leading to poor growth occurring at this step is high.
Fine tipped Jewelers forceps are used for placing grafts in slits. During this procedure loop magnification is essential to avoid injury to hair follicle.
The main procedural difference between FUE and traditional strip FUT technique is the way the graft is extracted or obtained from the donor area. With FUE ,each FU graft is harvested individually with small micro-punch 0.8 to 0.9 mm punch is used to make a small circular incisions in the skin around the upper part of the follicular unit, which then extracted(Pulled) directly from the scalp, leaving a tiny hole. This process is repeated till until surgeon has enough grafts to do the procedure.
Once they are harvested, the rest of the procedure (recipient site creation and transplantation of grafts) is essentially same for both techniques. The difference between these two procedures lies in the appearance of the donor area and the difference in the number and fragility of the grafts produced. Though linear scar is not created, the thousands of tiny punches can causes visible white dots or moth-eaten look in the donor area in some patients FUE is sometime is marketed as a noninvasive, scar less procedure where patient can shave their head if desired is misleading.
Actually hair growth starts after 3 to 4 months of surgery. With 6 weeks of surgery all transplanted hairs sheds away. The new hair growth is visible after 3 months when new hairs are like vellus hair. Visible changes are seen after 4 month but new hairs are immature. Normal hair growth takes almost 6 to 8 months and maturation continues up to 2 years.